Simple Solar Spectral Model for Direct and Diffuse Irradiance on Horizontal and Tilted Planes at the Earth's Surface for Cloudless Atmospheres

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5.0 Examples of the Application of the new Simple Spectral Model



  1. Bird, R. E., "A Simple Spectral Model for Direct Normal and Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance," Solar Energy, Vol. 32, 1984, pp. 461-471.

  2. Leckner, B., "The Spectral Distribution of Solar Radiation at the Earth's Surface—Elements of a Model," Solar Energy, Vol. 20, 1978, pp. 143-150.

  3. Brine, D. T., and M. Iqbal, "Solar Spectral Diffuse Irradiance Under Cloudless Skies," Solar Energy, Vol. 30, 1983, pp. 447-453.

  4. Justus, C. G., and M. V. Paris, "A Model for Solar Spectral Irradiance at the Bottom and Top of a Cloudless Atmosphere," submitted to J. of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 1984.

  5. Hay, J. E., and J. A. Davies, "Calculation of the Solar Radiation Incident on an Inclined Surface," in Proceedings, First Canadian Solar Radiation Data Workshop, J. E. Hay and T. K. Won, eds., Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1978.

  6. Iqbal, M., An Introduction to Solar Radiation, New York: Academic Press, 1983, p. 101.

  7. Fröhlich, C., and C. Wehrli, World Radiation Center, Davos, Switzerland, 1981, magnetic tape received by personal communication.

  8. Neckel, H., and D. Labs, "Improved Data of Solar Spectral Irradiance from 0.33 to 1.25 µm," Solar Phys., Vol. 74, 1981, pp. 231-249.

  9. Spencer, J. W., "Fourier Series Representation of the Position of the Sun," Search, Vol. 2, 1971, p. 172.

  10. Kneizys, F. X., E. P. Shettle, W. O. Gallery, J. H. Chetwynd, Jr., L. W. Abrea, J. E. A. Selby, R. W. Fenn, and R. W. McClatchey, Atmospheric Transmittance/Radiance: Computer Code LOWTRAN5, Tech. Rep. AFGL-TR-800067, Bedford, MA: U.5. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, 1980.

  11. Kasten, F., "A New Table and Approximate Formula for Relative Optical Air Mass," Arch. Meteorol. Geophys. Biochlimatol., Ser. B14, 1966, pp. 206-223.

  12. Shettle, E. P., and R. W. Fenn, "Models of the Atmospheric Aerosol and Their Optical Properties," Proceedings of the Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development Conference No. 183, Optical Propagation in the Atmosphere, 1975, pp. 2.1-2.16. Presented at the Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Panel Symposium, Lyngby, Denmark; 27-31 October 1975.

  13. Angstrom, A., "Technique of Determining the Turbidity of the Atmosphere," Tellus, Vol. 13, 1961, pp. 214-231.

  14. King, M. O., and B. M. Herman, "Determination the Ground Albedo and the Index of Absorption of Atmospheric Particulates by Remote Sensing. Part I: Theory," J. of the Atmos. Sci., Vol. 36, 1979, pp. 163-173.

  15. Van Heuklon, T. K., "Estimating Atmospheric Ozone for Solar Radiation. Models," Solar Energy, Vol. 22, 1979, pp. 63-68.

  16. Bird, R. E., "Terrestrial Solar Spectral Modeling,'' Solar Cells, Vol. 7; 1983, p. 107.

  17. Dave, J. V., International Business Machines Corporation, Palo Alto, CA, 1979. Copies of the data sets were put on magnetic tape. "Extensive Datasets of Diffuse Radiation in Realistic Atmospheric Models with Aerosols and Common Absorbing Gases," Solar Energy, Vol. 21, 1978, p. 361.

  18. Justus, C. G., Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, 1984, personal communication.

  19. Liu, B. Y. H., and R. C. Jordan, "Daily Insolation on Surfaces Tilted Towards the Equator," ASHRAE Journal, Vol. 3, 1961, pp. 53-59.

  20. Becker, C. F., and J. S. Boyd, "Solar Radiation Availability on Surfaces in the United States Affected by Season, Orientation, Latitude, Altitude, and Cloudiness," Solar Energy, Vol. 1, 1957, pp. 13-21.

  21. Temps, R. C., and K. L. Coulson, "Solar Radiation Incident Upon Slopes of Different Orientations," Solar Energy, Vol. 19, 1977, pp. 179-184.

  22. Klucher, T. M., "Evaluation of Models to Predict Insolation on Tilted Surfaces," Solar Energy, Vol. 23, 1979, pp. 111-114.

  23. Ma, C. C. Y., and M. Iqbal, "Statistical Comparisons of Models for Estimating Solar Radiation on Inclined Surfaces," Solar Energy, Vol. 31, 1983, pp. 313-317.

  24. Smietana, Jr., P. J., R. G. Flocchini, R. L. Kennedy, and J. L. Hatfield, "A New Look at the Correlation of Kd and Kt Ratios and at Global Solar Radiation Tilt Models Using One-Minute Measurements," Solar Energy, Vol. 32, 1984, pp. 99-107.

  25. Bird, R. E., and R. L. Hulstrom, Evaluation of Algorithms that Convert Measured Horizontal and Measured Direct Normal Irradiance Values to Irradiance Values on Tilted Surfaces, Golden, CO: Solar Energy Research Institute, forthcoming.

  26. Perez, R., and R. Stewart, "Validation of an Anisotropic Model Estimating Insolation on Tilted Surfaces," Progress in Solar Energy, Vol. VII, American Solar Energy Society, 1984.

  27. Kliman, A. W., and H. G. Eldering, "Design and Development of a Solar Spectroradiometer," Electro-Optical Systems Design, 1981, pp. 53-61.

  28. Bird, R. E., R. L. Hulstrom, A. W. Kliman, and H. G. Eldering, "Solar Spectral Measurements in the Terrestrial Environment," Applied Optics, Vol. 21, 1982, pp. 1430-1436.

  29. Bird, R. E., and R. L. Hulstrom, "Precipitable Water Measurements with Sun Photometers" J. Applied Met., Vol. 21, 1982, pp. 1196-1201.

  30. Bird, R. E., and R. L. Hulstrom, "Reply," J. Climate Applied Met., Vol. 22, 1983, pp. 1969-1970.

Appendix: Program Listing

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